Monday, August 20, 2018

Ground Cherries

Ground cherries from U of MN farmers market - N. Carlson

Inside ground cherries from U of MN farmers market - N. Carlson

I purchased the ground cherries because I used to eat them when I was younger. As I was eating the cherries, I noticed two with dark spots on them. Tease tape samples were taken from the surface of the cherries and the inside of the outer cover. Both insects and Cladosporium spp. fungal growth were noted.

Insects on the Cherries 40x

Growth of Cladosporium spp. and insect part - 400x

Saturday, August 18, 2018

Minnesota Wildflowers

U of Minnesota - Near Civil and Mineral Engineering Building - N. Carlson

The University of Minnesota and regional park boards continue efforts to bring back native prairie grasses and flowers. The efforts appear to be successful based on the colorful flowers in the landscape and the wide variety of insect pollinators.

The spaces with the native grass also do not require weekly mowing, extensive watering and herbicides to keep the area free of weeds.

Male monarch butterfly in wildflowers by TCF Bank Stadium - N. Carlson
Efforts to bring back the population of monarch butterflies need more than milkweeds for the caterpillars.  The butterflies need nectar for energy and these flowering plants also need to be planted in the area.

Beetle and bee on wildflower at Silverwood Park in St. Anthony - click to enlarge - N. Carlson
Flowers also provide an excellent habitat for bees. At one planting outside McNamara Alumni Center five different types of bees were busy extracting nectar from the flowers.

Honeybee on flower at the St. Paul Campus of the U of Minnesota - N. Carlson



Minnesota Wildflowers - Music by Tom Petty - 3 minutes14 seconds

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Hearing Conservation for a Cheap Trick Concert

Cheap Trick at the North Dakota State Fair - July 26, 2018 - N. Carlson
Sound levels at rock concerts exceed the OSHA occupational exposure limit for noise exposure (90 dBA averaged over 8 hours).  As the effect of hearing loss is irreversible, it is prudent to bring along hearing protection to these concerts. At the Cheap Trick Concert the drum was heavily miked. The beats on the base drum felt like chest compressions for CPR.

Rick Nielsen and his special guitar. - N. Carlson
How loud is too loud? Average exposure above 85 dBA over eight hours requires hearing protection. Sound level meter apps on phones are fairly good but they are not calibrated. As a rule of thumb, if you are in an environment where it is difficult for you to hear your finger snap at arms length, it is prudent to wear hearing protection.  Many hearing protectors now come in metal cases that can be attached to a key chain. Some are also designed for better tone quality to hear music at concerts.


These Ear Peace ear plugs worked well with three colored inserts that provide varying levels of hearing protection. The metal key chain case  allows for the storage of the three ear pieces in one compartment and the inserts in another. 



The Flame - live-  Cheap Trick 1988


Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Black Raspberry Decomposition

Trichoderma spp. growth on hidden black raspberry - N. Carlson
Two Raspberries had a few small areas of mold growth several weeks ago. I placed the berries in a sealed container to my office and let the forces of natural decomposition take place.

Raspberries hiding under the fungal growth- N. Carlson

Trichoderma spp. 400x Samsung S-7 camera (Photoshop edit) - click to enlarge - N. Carlson
I occasionally find this organism growing on sheetrock. The primary colonizer of most of these fresh fruits in my refrigerator is usually Botrytis spp.   - Addio for now.


Monday, July 23, 2018

Green bacon

Green bacon inside biosafety cabinet - N.Carlson
These nitrate free bacon strips spent a little too much time in my refrigerator. It was time to identify the less than desirable furry addition. I took a tease tape sample with Lacto-Fuchsin stain and looked at it under 400x power Olympus microscope. I photographed it with a Samsung S-8 cell phone camera through the eye piece. The image was cropped and enhanced using Adobe Photoshop Elements 2018. The distance between the 1 and 2 on the scale is 25 microns.

Penicillium spp. at 400x N. Carlson

Monday, July 9, 2018

Cream cheese mold

Moldy cream cheese- N. Carlson
I lost the lid for my cream cheese container and put it inside cleaned sealed Cool Whip container.  I had forgotten it in the fridge for several weeks. I took it our to spread it on some crackers and ended up tossing it when I saw the mold growth. Before tossing it I tease taped the mold with clear Scotch Tape and examined it under the microscope at 400x power.

Growth of Cladosporium spp. at 400x - N. Carlson

Monday, July 2, 2018

Minnesota Public School Indoor air quality Training Fall 2018

Infrared photo of cold air door leak

School Indoor Air Quality Training

Public schools must have health and safety programs that comply with health, safety, and environmental regulations and best practices, including indoor air quality (IAQ) management. One best practice is that public schools have an IAQ Coordinator. This training will discuss the state’s best practices for school IAQ management. While there is no refresher training requirement, previous attendees are encouraged to attend (content changes every year). Non-public schools, service providers and other stakeholders are also encouraged to attend.

Dates
St. Cloud: September 20, 2018           10:00 am – 2:00 pm                   
Duluth: September 21, 2018               10:00 am – 2:00 pm                   
Marshall: October 2, 2018                  10:00 am – 2:00 pm
Roseville: October 10, 2018                  8:30 am – 12:00 pm                         
Webinar: October 30, 2018                  1:00 pm – 4:00 pm


Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Agricultural production under solar panels

Solar farm New Hampshire Gazette

One of the trade offs with solar energy production is the large land area needed for solar production. Farmers are beginning to experiment with various designs to combine solar production with agricultural land use.  In New Hampshire as reported in the New Hampshire Gazette a configuration with the panels 9 feet in the air and five feet apart results in yield reductions of 5 to 10% when compared to the unobstructed areas in front of the panels. The area below can also be used for livestock grazing land. The poles are anchored 8 feet below the surface.

Photo courtesy of Prairie Restoration Inc.

In Ramsey, Minnesota, as reported in Ensia, combining bee hives with a solar panel installation by Connexusenergy also works. The bees provide pollination to the nearby fields and produce honey. In Ramsey Minnesota Bolton Bees combine solar panels with honey production. They have even gone into the craft beer business producing Solarama Crush.

Sustainenergy - Japan

In Japan, Farmers are using the shade from the solar panels to produce cloud ear mushrooms that would have formerly been imported from China.  Combining mycology and solar energy exemplifies sustainable mycology.




Friday, June 15, 2018

Surprise in a walk in cooler

Mushroom in wall - N. Carlson
In October of 2017 an employee noted an unexpected location for a mushroom. This mushroom growth was noted in a walk in cooler. A leak in the pipe provided the water that supported the growth in the wall outside the cooler.

Wide shot of mushroom in wall - N. Carlson
The leak was fixed after the wall outside the cooler was opened up.

Typical fungal growth on a box in a walk-in cooler - N. Carlson

One of the most common fungal organisms found in walk-in coolers is Cladosporium sphaerospermum. Presumptively identified by small diameter colonies growing on dusty surfaces in the cooler including, cardboard, plastic and stainless steel.  Tease tape identification with a microscope can confirm the type of growth.


Cladosporium sphaerospermum - N. Carlson


Friday, June 1, 2018

Fungal growth on sheetrock wall time lapse


The short video below represents the progressive mold growth on Sheetrock in a enclosed container with standing water.  This condition very roughly simulates the interior of a dry wall cavity. To get the full effect turn up the volume on your speakers.


Sheetrock mold growth time lapse 35 seconds